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老化测试结果的评估方法:目视与仪器测量

发布于:2019-05-14T14:05:48 阅读次数:1105

RISHAILAOHUACESHIJIEGUOXUYAOYITAOHELIDEPINGGUFANGFA。TONGCHANG,KEHUGUANXINTAMENDECAILIAOZAIBAOLUGUOCHENGZHONGFASHENGNAXIEXINGNENGDEGAIBIANHE/HUOGAIBIANLIANG。CAILIAOMOUXIEXINGNENGDEGAIBIAN,RUYANSEHUOGUANGZEKEYIYONGYIQILAIJINXINGCELIANG。QITAXINGNENGDEGAIBIAN,RUKAILIE、QIPI、FENHUA、QIPAOHESHENGXIUKEYICAIYONGMUCE,YEKEYIANZHAOMEIGUOSHIYANCAILIAOXIEHUI(ASTM),HUOQITAJISHUZUZHIDEBIAOZHUNCELIANGDENGJILAIJINXINGPINGGU。

评估的频次

直播吧手机版TONGCHANGZAIBAOLUZHIQIANJIUDUIGUANXINDEXINGNENGJINXINGCELIANGHUODENGJIPINGGU。ZHIHOU,YAODUICESHIJINXINGDINGQIPINGGUHECELIANG。DUIYUHUWAIBAOLUCESHI,TONGCHANGANYUEHUOANJIDUJINXINGPINGGU。ERDUIYUJIASUSHIYANSHICESHI,YAOMEI 100GEXIAOSHIHUO 250 GEXIAOSHIJINXINGPINGGU。PINGGUYONGYULEJIECAILIAOSUISHIJIANDELAOHUAGUOCHENG。DUIYUYIGEQUANMIANDECESHIFANGANERYAN,DUIYANGPINJINXINGPINGGUSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEBUFEN。

目测

直播吧手机版JINGUANMUCECUNZAIYIDINGDEZHUGUANXING,DANTAXIANGDANGZHONGYAO,YINWEIYONGHUTONGYANGYICILAIPANDUANCAILIAODEWAIGUANSHIFOULINGRENMANYI。MUCEJIEGUOBIXUSHIKEZHONGFUDE,BINGYUQITARENYUANDEMUCEJIEGUOYIZHI。MUCEZHONGYIZHIXINGXIANGDANGZHONGYAO,MUCEBIXUYOUJINGGUOPEIXUNDEYOUJINGYANDEPINGGUSHILAIJINXING。

可能的缺陷适用方法
粉化(丝绒状)ASTM D4214 ISO 4628-7
起泡ASTM D714 ISO 4628-2
开裂ASTM D661 ISO 4628-4
龟裂ASTM D660
片状/分层ASTM D772 ISO 4628-5
侵蚀ASTM D662
霉菌ASTM D3274
耐粘污性ASTM D3274
变色(灰卡)ASTM D1729ASTM D2616 ISO 105/A02
附着力ASTM D3359
腐蚀(丝状的)ASTM D2803
腐蚀(划伤锈蚀)ASTM D1654 ISO 4628-8
腐蚀(表面生锈)ASTM D610 ISO 4628-3

DANGKEHUDUICESHIYANGPINTICHUMUCEYAOQIUSHI,PINGGUSHIYAOJIANCHABIAO1ZHONGSUOLIEDESUOYOUGUANCHADAODEYANGPINDEQUEXIAN。PINGGUSHIYAOGENJUSHIDANGDEDENGJIDUIYANGPINDEBIANHUAJINXINGPINGJI。LAOHUAZUOYONGDEMUCEBAOGAOTONGCHANGANZHAO ASTM BIAOZHUNCONG 10 JIDAO 0 JIDEDENGJIXITONGJINXINGHUAFEN,JIANBIAO 2(RUXIAYESUOSHI)。

 质量 等级 变化
极好的10未测试原样(无变化)
--9非常轻微的变化(微量)
非常好8轻微变化
好的6中等变化
中等4显著的变化
差的2严重变化
非常差的0完全失效

TULIAOJISHULIANHEHUI(FSCT)DE《TULIAOQUEXIANTUSHIBIAOZHUN》YISHUZHONGYOUGUANYUMUCETUSHIDEMIAOSHU 1,KEYONGLAIZHIJIEBIJIAOCESHIYANGPIN,DECHUQUEXIANDENGJI。ZHEIYANGYOUZHUYUPINGGUSHIJINXINGZHONGFUPINGGU,BINGBANGZHUKEHULEJIEBAOGAOZHONGDEYANGPINQUEXIAN。

MUCEDENGJIZAIBIAOZHUNZHAOMINGTIAOJIANXIAYOUMUCESUODE。ZAIXUYAOQUERENHUOQITABIYAOQINGKUANGXIA,RUXIANWEIGUANCESHI,YONGXIANWEIJINGJINXINGPINGGU(FANGDA10 BEI)。

外观性能的仪器测量

DUIXUDUOCHANPINHECAILIAOLAISHUO,WAIGUANXINGNENGFEICHANGZHONGYAO。KEHUDUIZHILIANGDEPINGJIACHANGCHANGJIYUGUANGZE、YANSE、LIANGDU、PINGHUADUHUOQITAYIXIEWAIGUANTEXING。CHANPINDESHIYONGNIANXIANWANGWANGQUJUEYUZHEIXIETEXING。YOUDECHANPINQITAXINGNENGWANMEI,DANWANGWANGYINWAIGUANBUFUHEKEHUDESHENMEIYAOQIUERBAOFEI。

ANZHAODINGYI,YINWEIWAIGUANSHISHIJUEDEHUOSHENMEIDETEXING,YONGYIQIJINXINGCELIANGKANSIBIJIAOMAODUN。RANER,WAIGUANTONGCHANGSHIYIXIEBIAOMIANXINGNENG(LIRU,PINGHUADU、FANSHELV、YANSEDENG)。JINGGUODUONIANTANSUO,YIQICELIANGYIJINGFEICHANGJIEJINRENMENDEMUCEJIEGUO。

直播吧手机版DUIWAIGUANJINXINGYIQICELIANGBIJIAOKEGUAN,ERQIEXIANGBIZHUGUANXINGDEMUCEYOUJIDAYOUSHI。YIQICELIANGTIGONGXINGNENGDELIANGHUACESHIJIEGUO。TAPAICHULERENWEIPIANCHADEKENENGXING,YINWEIRUGUOSUOYOUTIAOJIANDOUXIANGTONG,YIQIMEICIDECESHISHUJUSHIKEYIZHONGFUDE。LINGWAI,YIQICELIANGDESHUZHISHILIANXUDE,KEJINXINGTONGJIFENXI。ZAILAOHUALINGYU,GUANGZE、XIANYINGXING( DOI )HEYANSESHIYONGGUANGDIANYIQICELIANG。ZHEIXIEYIQIYONGYUJIANCECAILIAOBAOLUHEWEIBAOLUBUFENDEBIAOMIANWAIGUANXINGNENG,YIPANDUANCHANPINDESHIYONGNIANXIAN。

样品清洗

直播吧手机版DUIYUHUWAILAOHUACESHI,CAIYONGYIQICELIANGSHIQIANGLIEJIANYI,DUIBAOLUYANGPINDEQINGXIGUODEBIAOMIANBUFENJINXINGCESHI。SUOYOUZHEIXIECELIANGDOUDUIBIAOMIANDEFUZHEWUJIQIMINGAN,LIRUWUWUHEMEIJUNDENG。ZHEIXIEWEILIZAICESHIYANGPINBIAOMIANXINGCHENGGELICENG,FANGAIYIQICELIANGZHENSHIDEYANGPINBIAOMIAN。RUGUOBIAOMIANCUNZAIWUWU,NEIMEYIQICELIANGDESHIWUWUERBUSHIZHENZHENGDEYANGPINBIAOMIAN。

光泽测量

GUANGZECELIANGSHICELIANGPINGGUZHONGZHONGYAODEYIBUFEN,DUIYUTULIAOHESULIAOTEBIEZHONGYAO。ZAILAOHUABAOLUZHONGGUANGZESHISHOUXIANSHOUDAOYINGXIANGDEXINGNENGZHIYI。

TAYESHIGUANCHAZHESHOUXIANZHUYIDAODEWAIGUANXINGNENGZHIYI。YONGYIQICELIANGGUANGZESHIBIAOMIANWAIGUANXINGNENGGUANGDIANCELIANGZUICHANGYONGDEFANGSHI。YONGYIQICELIANGGUANGZESHICELIANGBIAOMIANDEGUANGZE。GUANGZECELIANGJIANGYISHUGUANGANGUDINGJIAODUZHAOSHEZAIBIAOMIANSHANG,RANHOUJIANCEZAIFANSHEJIAOCHUDEFANSHEGUANGZHANRUSHEGUANGDEBAIFENBI(BUBAOKUOSANSHEGUANG)。FEICHANGGUANGHUADEBIAOMIANRUOFANSHERUSHEJIAOCHUDESUOYOUGUANGSHU,ZEGUANGZEZHISHI100。

直播吧手机版RENHEBIAOMIANCUCAOHUOQITAXIACIDOUHUIYINQIGUANGSHUFASHENGSANSHE,ZHEIJIANGHUIJIANRUOFANSHEGUANG,CONGERGUANGZEZHIYEGENZHEBIANXIAO。GUANGZEJIAOZHIDESHIGUANGSHUDAODABIAOMIANSHIDEJIAODU(XIANGDUIYUFAXIAN),ZUICHANGJIANDEGUANGZEJIAOZAIXIAMIANDETUBIAOZHONGBIAOCHU。

YOUGUANGUANGZECELIANGDEXIANGXIXINXI,QINGCANKAO ASTM D523 HUO ISO 2813。

鲜映性( DOI )

DANGWOMENGUANCHAQICHETUCENG,WOMENHUIKANDAOFANSHEDETUXIANG。TUXIANGYUEQINGXI,WOMENRENWEIMIANQIXIANYINGXINGYUEHAO。XIANYINGXINGHENRONGYISHOUBIAOMIANLIEHUADEYINGXIANG,RUXIWEN、JIEPI、XIXIAOCAHEN、WUHUADENG。

XIANYINGXINGSHIYIZHONGZHUANMENDE、GENGJIAJINGQUEDEGUANGZECELIANGXINGSHI,TASHIYONG 30 DUFANSHEJIAO。XIANYINGXINGCELIANGSHIYONGZHAIDE、GAODUJUJIDEGUANGSHU。YIBANDEGUANGZECELIANGSHIYONGKUANGUANGSHU。XIANYINGXINGCELIANGZHONGDECHUANGANQICELIANGGUANGSHUBIANYUANDEQINGXIDU,CAIYONG100 DENGJI,XIANYINGXINGZUIHAODESHI100 FEN。YOUGUANXIANYINGXINGCELIANGDEXIANGXIXINXI,QINGCANKAO ASTM E430。

颜色测量

YONGYIQIFACELIANGYANSESHISUOYOUGUANGDIANCELIANGFANGFAZHONGZUIFUZADE。YANSECELIANGSHIBAYISHUGUANGZHAOSHEZAIYANGPINBIAOMIAN,RANHOUSHOUJIYANGPINFANSHEGUANG。TONGGUOFANSHEGUANGGUANGPUYONGLAIXUNSUJILUBEICEWUTIDEYANSE。

颜色测量方法

光泽和鲜映性是最易受老化作用影响的特性。可以用进行测量

L* a* b* 色空间

直播吧手机版DABUFENYANSEYIQICELIANGFACAIYONG L* a* b* SEKONGJIANLAIDINGYIYANSE。L* a* b* FANGFAYONGSANGESHUZILAIBIAOSHIYANSE。SANGESHUZIZHONGDEMEIYIGEDEZHIDAIBIAOYIGEXIANGYINGDEZUOBIAO。

直播吧手机版GUANGLIANGDUYINZI (L*).

BEICEWUTIDEGUANGLIANGDUHUOHEIANDUYOUL*DESHUZHIBIAOSHI,CONG0DAO100。JI:0=HEISE,50=HUISE,100=BAISE。

HONG/LVYINZI(a*)

直播吧手机版WUTICHENGXIANHONGSEHUOLVSE,YOU a* DESHUZHILAIBIAOSHI。DANG a* SHIZHENGSHU,BEICEWUTIDEYANSESHIHONGSE。SHUZHIYUEDA,WUTIDEYANSEYUEHONG。DANG a* SHIFUSHU,BEICEWUTIDEYANSESHILVSE。ZHEIGEFUSHUDESHUZHIYUEDA,WUTIDEYANSEYUELV。DANG a* SHI0 SHI,WUTIDEYANSEJIEYUHONGSEHELVSEZHIJIAN。

LAN/HUANGYINZI(b*)

直播吧手机版WUTICHENGXIANHUANGSEHUOLANSE,YONGb* DESHUZHILAIBIAOSHI。DANG b* SHIZHENGSHU,BEICEWUTIDEYANSESHIHUANGSE。SHUZHIYUEDA,WUTIDEYANSEYUEHUANG。DANG b* SHIFUSHU,BEICEWUTIDEYANSESHILANSE。ZHEIGEFUSHUDESHUZHIYUEDA,WUTIDEYANSEYUELAN。DANGb* SHI0 SHI,WUTIDEYANSEJIEYUHUANGSEHELANSEZHIJIAN。

RENHEYANSEDOUKEYOU L* a* b* DEZUOBIAOSHUZHILAIBIAOSHI。LIRU,ZISEDE L* ZHIKENENGDAYU 50,a* SHIZHENGSHU(HONGSE),b* ZHISHIFUSHU(LANSE)。

颜色测量问题

BUXIANGGUANGZEHEXIANYINGXINGCELIANG,JINXINGYANSECELIANGSHI,SUOYONGDECESHITIAOJIANCUNZAIHENDACHAYI。LINGWAI,YOUJIZHONGCHANGYONGDEBUTONGLEIXINGDEYANSECELIANGYIQI,TAMENDECELIANGJIEGUOZHIJIANHUICUNZAIXIXIAODECHAYI。

直播吧手机版JINXINGDUIBICELIANGSHI,YIXIADECESHICANSHUBIXUBAOCHIYIZHI,YINGGAIZAILAOHUACESHIKAISHISHIDUIQIJIAYIGUIDING。

直播吧手机版CELIANGJIEGOU(FANSHESHIDEHAISHIJIFENQIUSHIDE)

YANSECELIANGSHIBAYISHUGUANGZHAOSHEDAOYANGPINSHANG,FENXIFANSHEGUANGDEGUANGPU,QUEDING L* a* b* DESHUZHI。GUANGCHUANGANQISHIYIQILEIXINGBUTONGERBUTONG,YIQISHIFANSHESHIYUANJIANHAISHIJIFENQIUSHIYUANJIAN。FANSHEYUANJIANTONGCHANGYOUCELIANGDIANDERUSHE/FANSHEJIAOLAIBIAOSHI,LIRU,45/0 HUO 0/45

观察角

ZHEISHIXIN、LAOJISHUZHIJIANYIGEZHONGYAODECHAYI。LAODEYANSECELIANGFANGFAZHONGZHISHIYONG 2° GUANCHAZHE。XINDEYIQISHIYONG 10° GUANCHAZHE。XUDUOXINDEYIQIKEGONGXUANZE,YIYULAODEYIQIJINXINGBIJIAO。

光源

ZAICELIANGZHONGKEXUANZEJIZHONGBUTONGGUANGYUANZHONGDEYIZHONGDUIYANGPINJINXINGZHAOSHE。BUTONGDEGUANGYUANKENENGJICHUBUTONGDEJIEGUO。D65 GUANGYUANDAIBIAOZHONGWURIGUANG,SHIZUICHANGYONGDEYIZHONGGUANGYUAN。

光谱成分

GUANGPUCHENGFENZHIMANFANSHEGUANGDEGUANGPUCHENGFEN。ZAIJIFENQIUGUANGDUJIZHONG,GUANGPUCHENGFENJIKENENGBAOHANFANSHEGUANGYEKENENGBUBAOHANFANSHEGUANG。DANGSHIYONGFANSHEGUANGDUJISHI(LIRU,0/45 XINGZHUANGDE),GUANGPUCHENGFENYIBANBUBAOHANFANSHEGUANG。

色差空间

色差计算

直播吧手机版TONGGUOBIJIAOBAOLUQIANHOU L* a* b* SHUZHIDEBUTONGLAIJISUANYANSEDEBIANHUA。YONG△LAIBIAOSHISHUZHIZHIJIANDEBUTONG,YEJIUSHIYONGXIANZAIDECELIANGZHIJIANQUCHUSHIZHI。△DESHUZHIYUEDA,YANSEBIANHUAYUEDA。△L DAIBIAOGUANGLIANGDUDEBIANHUA,△a HE △b YESHIYITONGYANGDEFANGSHILAIBIAOSHIYANSEBIANHUA:

+?L BIAOSHIYANSEBIANDEGENGLIANG

-?L BIAOSHIYANSEBIANDEGENGAN

+?a BIAOSHIHONGSEJIASHEN(LVSEBIANQIAN)

-?a BIAOSHILVSEJIASHEN(HONGSEBIANQIAN)

+?b BIAOSHIHUANGSEJIASHEN(LANSEBIANQIAN)

-?b BIAOSHILANSEJIASHEN(HUANGSEBIANQIAN)

ZONGHESUOYOUZHEISANGEYINZILAIJISUANZONGDEYANSEBIANHUA△E,BINGGUANGFANYONGYUBIAOSHIBAOLUCAILIAOBIANSEBIAOZHUN。

颜色坐标.

BEICEWUTIDEYANSETONGCHANGKEYOUJIZHONGRENKEDEYANSEBIAODU CIE L* a* b*、Hunter L* a* b* HUOCIE XYZ ZHONGDEYIZHONGJICHU。CIE HE Hunter Lab BIAODUBEIGUANGFANCAIYONGQIEJISUANFANGFAXIANGSI。XIANZAIYIJINGBUZENMESHIYONG XYZ BIAODULE。TEBIEGUIDINGDEYANSEZHISHUYONGYUCEDINGTESHUDEBIANHUA。HUANGDUZHISHU(YI)HEBAIDUZHISHU(WI)YONGLAICEDINGJIEJINBAISEDEBUTOUMINGCAILIAODEYANSE,LIRU,TiO2YANLIAO。ZHEIXIEBIAODUZUICHUSHIYONGYUMUCEDE,DANXIANZAIYIJINGZHUANHUANCHENGYIQICELIANGFALE,BINGYONGLAIYULAODEMUCESHUJUJINXINGBIJIAO。

YOUGUANYANSEDEYIQICELIANGFADEXIANGXIXINXI,QINGCANZHAO ASTM D2244。CONGSUOYOUZHUYAODEYANSECELIANGYIQIZHIZAOSHANGNEIERKEYIHUODEYOUGUANYANSECELIANGDELILUNHEYINGYONGDEYOUXIUCHUBANWU。

结论

YINWEICAILIAODEYOUXIAOSHIYONGNIANXIAN,CHANGCHANGSHOUSHENMEIYAOQIUHUOQITASHIJUEYINSUDEYINGXIANG,SUOYIBAOLUSHIYANYANGPINDERENHEWAIGUANTEXINGDECELIANGDOUHENZHONGYAO。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,YOUHENDUOJISHUKEYICAIYONG。DUIYUMUCE,ZHUANMENRENYUANKEJICHUHAODEDINGXINGHEDINGLIANGDEDENGJIJIEGUO。RUGUOKENENG,YIQICELIANGYINQIKEGUANXINGYETEBIEYOUYONG。BUGUANSHIMUCEHAISHIYIQICELIANG,DOUSHIQUANMIANCESHIZHONGFEICHANGZHONGYAODEBUFEN。